Pathways to Prevention (P2P) Program

Identifying Risks and Interventions to Optimize Postpartum Health

Workshop Materials

Panel Report

  • The independent panel is drafting a report that will summarize the workshop and identify research gaps. It will be posted here for public comment in early 2023. 

Systematic Evidence Review

  • The comment period has closed, check back in a few months for the final publication.


The United States is experiencing a growing maternal health crisis. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 700 women die each year from conditions related to pregnancy. Another 50,000 women experience severe pregnancy-related complications—like heart disease, stroke, blood clots, and depression—that may affect their health for the rest of their lives. Many of these negative outcomes are preventable and disproportionately impact Black or African American women and American Indian and Alaska Native women.


Maternal health research efforts have generally focused on pregnancy. However, the first year after the end of pregnancy, also referred to as the first year of the postpartum period, is an especially vulnerable time for people who give birth. The majority of maternal deaths (from all causes, including health conditions and violence) and severe pregnancy-related complications occur during this period. To make evidence-based improvements in postpartum care, the research community must increase efforts to:

  • Identify risk factors that contribute to poor postpartum outcomes at multiple levels—from the individual to the health system and community.
  • Address how a person’s risk of poor postpartum outcomes is affected by social determinants of health (the conditions of where they live, learn, work, and play).
  • Characterize the impact of those risk factors on postpartum morbidity and mortality.
  • Develop approaches to reduce or prevent these risks.

Key Questions

Guided by the key questions listed below, speakers in this P2P workshop assessed the scientific evidence on predicting and preventing poor postpartum health outcomes. The independent panel will draft a report outlining evidence gaps and priorities for future research.

  • When a birthing person starts prenatal care, what combinations of risk indicators have the greatest effect on poor postpartum health outcomes? To what extent do these patterns of predictors of poor postpartum health outcomes vary by the race/ethnicity of the birthing person?
  • Immediately before or immediately after delivery and before the end of birthing-related care, what combinations of risk indicators to the birthing person have the greatest effect on poor postpartum health outcomes? To what extent do these patterns of predictors of poor postpartum health outcomes vary by the race/ethnicity of the birthing person?

Sponsoring Organizations


What is the Pathways to Prevention Program?

The purpose of the Pathways to Prevention (P2P) program is to understand the current state of the science, identify research gaps, and suggest an action plan for fields with broad public health importance but limited or underdeveloped research. Each P2P workshop is one step in a structured process that takes approximately 2 to 3 years to complete. The ODP provides leadership, support, funding, and coordination for the program. Partners from across the NIH, other federal agencies, content-area experts, and community members help plan each workshop.

Visit our How the P2P Program Works page to learn more. 

What is the purpose of the independent panel?

Each P2P workshop has an independent panel that provides a balanced, objective, and informed assessment of the workshop topic. The panel is an unbiased group with diverse perspectives. Panel members attend the workshop, where they listen to and ask questions about presentations from expert speakers. Then the panelists write a report that summarizes the workshop and highlights research gaps and future priorities. The recommendations in the panel’s report are for use by the broader research community. Panel reports are not policy statements of the NIH or the federal government.

How can I participate in this virtual P2P workshop?

P2P workshops are free and open to the public. You can register to attend using the links at the top of the workshop page.

There are opportunities to comment and ask questions throughout the workshop either through the Webex chat function or by emailing

The public is also encouraged to submit comments on the draft panel report when it is posted on the ODP website for a public comment period.

Do I have to register for each day of the 3-day virtual workshop?

Yes. Each workshop day requires a different meeting link. You will need to check the box for each day you plan to attend in order to receive the correct meeting information and reminders.

If you need help with your registration, please email us at

Will a recording of the workshop proceedings be available?

Yes, P2P workshop recordings are made available on the ODP website approximately 1 month after the workshop.

Can I receive continuing education credits for attending this workshop?

Continuing education credits are not offered for this workshop.

Can I receive a certificate of attendance for this workshop?

We do not offer certificates of attendance for the workshop.

Last updated on January 24, 2023