The Pathways to Prevention (P2P) program is strategically located in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Disease Prevention (ODP), which provides the leadership, infrastructure, funding, and coordination necessary to conduct P2P workshops. Each P2P workshop is planned through a collaboration of partners from across the NIH, other federal agencies, Content-Area Experts, and individuals representing public-centered values and concerns. Topic proposals are submitted online and reviewed by the NIH ODP on a rolling basis. Workshop proposals are typically submitted by an NIH Institute or Center (IC), or Office, and may have multiple co‐sponsoring organizations. Other groups, such as other government agencies or trans-agency workgroups, professional societies, and advocacy organizations, may also propose topics with an NIH IC or Office as a sponsor. The P2P Coordinator works with the IC Coordinator, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Evidence-based Practice Center, the P2P workshop panel, and the Workshop & Panel Chair to plan and conduct the P2P workshop. Organizational meeting participants also nominate members for the P2P Working Group. The Content-Area Expert Group provides recommendations to the Workshop & Panel Chair regarding the questions that frame the workshop, the agenda, and nominations for panelists and speakers. To ensure the impartiality of the independent panel for each P2P workshop, the Workshop & Panel Chair and panelists must have no vested financial or intellectual interest, such as an advocacy position, in the workshop topic.
The P2P Coordinator is responsible for managing the entire workshop process from the initial NIH IC proposal through to the actual workshop and publication of the panel’s report. This includes the NIH organizational meeting, the Content-Area Expert Group meeting, the pre-workshop panel meeting, the workshop, and post-workshop activities. The P2P Coordinator is responsible for vetting the panel for conflicts of interest, inviting workshop speakers, and assisting the Workshop & Panel Chair in finalizing the agenda.
To ensure the effectiveness of the P2P workshops, the sponsoring NIH IC or Office within the NIH Office of the Director designates an IC Coordinator who is responsible for defining the scope of the workshop and initiating the workshop planning process. The IC Coordinator works closely with the ODP P2P Coordinator to ensure that the goals of the workshop are met.
Planning for each P2P workshop is carried out by the Workshop & Panel Chair and the Content-Area Expert Group. This group provides recommendations to the Workshop & Panel Chair regarding the questions that frame the workshop, the agenda, and nominations for panelists and speakers. Content-Area Experts are nominated by the participants of a federal planning meeting on the topic and sponsoring NIH ICs or Offices within the NIH Office of the Director. Members of this group are considered experts in their field and work in the federal government, academia, and clinical practice.
To ensure the impartiality of the independent panel for each P2P workshop, the panel members, including the Workshop & Panel chair, should have no vested financial or intellectual interest in the topic under review. The Workshop Panel is a multidisciplinary body of non-federal representatives that includes an individual representing public-centered values and concerns and representatives from many of the following disciplines: biostatistics, epidemiology, practicing and academic health, clinical trial research, and other fields relevant to the topic.
To ensure the impartiality of the independent panel for each P2P workshop, the Workshop & Panel Chair should be knowledgeable in the field of medical science under consideration, but should neither be identified with an advocacy position regarding the workshop topic nor with research that may be presented to answer any of the workshop questions. Furthermore, the Workshop & Panel Chair must not be an employee of the U.S. federal government and must have no vested interest in the topic under review. The Workshop & Panel Chair plays an important role in the P2P workshop by convening the workshop and moderating workshop discussions and facilitating panel deliberations and writing activities.