The goals of the P2P program are to host workshops that:
This program was developed out of a need for a process that (1) could be implemented in approximately a year, and (2) addresses topics with methodological weaknesses. Previously known as the Evidence-based Methodology Workshop (EbMW) program, P2P program was renamed in 2013 to better reflect the overarching goal of the program.
Most other scientific and medical conferences rely on content experts to make recommendations; however, this raises the possibility of potential conflicts of interest given the expertsâ€™ financial and intellectual ties to the topic. In contrast, a P2P workshop examines the topics from an unbiased perspective through a workshop panel, which is carefully vetted by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Disease Prevention (ODP). The panel members are highly regarded in their own fields but have no financial or intellectual conflicts related to the topic. In addition to the unbiased, independent panel, each P2P workshop has an evidence report prepared by one of a network of Evidence-based Practice Centers through a contract with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The evidence report serves as a cornerstone of the P2P workshop process by providing a clear and objective description of the state of the science, a summary of ongoing research, and an evaluation of research needs.
Topic proposals are submitted online and reviewed by the NIH ODP on a rolling basis. Any NIH Institute or Center (IC), or Office, may submit a proposal for a workshop to the ODP. In addition, trans-NIH workgroups and other U.S. Department of Health and Human Services agencies may submit proposals, as long as an NIH IC or Office has been identified as the sponsor. A topic must:
The P2P workshop panel is independent of the NIH and the federal government, and each member is carefully vetted by the ODP for real or apparent conflicts of interest. Panel members are nominated by content area experts, who submit nominations for panel members to the ODP during the workshop planning process. Each panel is an unbiased, independent group typically composed of 8 to 10 members who give balanced, objective, and informed attention to the topic.
Panel members represent a variety of perspectives and may include biostatisticians, epidemiologists, practicing and academic health professionals, clinical trial researchers and other investigators, nonhealth professionals with expertise in fields relevant to the specific topic (e.g., ethicists, economists, attorneys), and individuals representing public-centered values and concerns. They are recruited with the aim of appropriately reflecting a diverse set of professional and experiential perspectives within the workshop panel. Panel members are not paid a fee or honorarium for their efforts; however, they are reimbursed for travel expenses related to their participation in the conference. The P2P workshop panel attends the full workshop, where the panelists listen to and have the opportunity to question speakers, who are experts in the topic. Panelists then produce a report that synthesizes all the evidence presented to them, including speaker testimony and public input during the workshop.
A conflict of interest is a situation in which financial, intellectual, or personal considerations have the potential to compromise professional judgment and objectivity.
Panelists are asked to assess the best available evidence in order to identify research gaps and make research recommendations. Conflicts of interest may undermine a panelist's objectivity and interpretation of evidence.
P2P panels include experts in research methodology and evaluation. Panels also include experts who represent a variety of perspectives pertinent to the workshop topic. P2P panels include:
The membership of the P2P panel is not released until the first day of the workshop to ensure the panel reviews the evidence without bias or influence to promote impartiality.
The NIH oversees the operation of the P2P program and provides administrative and technical support to independent, non-federal P2P panels. As part of this support, the NIH:
While NIH staff support P2P panels, it is important to note that panels are independent and their reports and recommendations do not require NIH approval and are not policy statements of the NIH or the federal government.
Every P2P workshop panel report reflects an assessment by an independent panel of the scientific knowledge available at the time the statement is written. As such, it provides a â€œsnapshot in timeâ€ of the state of knowledge on the workshop topic. It is not a policy statement of the NIH or the federal government.
Immediately following the workshop, the panel convenes in executive session for 1 day and develops a draft report. The draft report is posted on the ODP website, and public comments are accepted for 4 weeks. The final report is then released approximately 2 weeks later. The panel may edit its statement for clarity, correct any factual errors that might be discovered, and revise the draft report according to public comments. After the panel report is finalized, the report is released and panelists hold a press telebriefing to address media questions.
Before the workshop, a draft evidence report is released for public comment. The evidence report, which is produced by one of a network of Evidence-based Practice Centers through a contract with the AHRQ, is a clear and objective description of the state of the science, a summary of ongoing research, and an evaluation of research needs. The workshop panel and speakers, as well as the general public, will have an opportunity to review the draft evidence report and provide comments during the open comment period.
On the first day of the workshop, the final evidence report will be posted on the NIH P2P program website by the AHRQ and the ODP. During the workshop, program materials will be made available. These will include a workshop overview and agenda, presentation summaries, speaker biographies, and financial disclosures from planners and presenters, as well as information about the Working Group, panel members, and ODP staff.
Every P2P workshop is open to the public, and there will be opportunities for members of the public to comment and ask questions during the workshop. In addition, each P2P workshop panel will include an individual representing public-centered values and concerns. The public is also encouraged to submit comments on the draft panel report when it is posted on the ODP website during the public comment period.
NIH P2P workshops are free and open to the public, and registration can be accessed from the NIH P2P program website. In addition, the P2P workshop will be videocast live and the proceedings will be archived. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us.
Although the ODP appreciates the offer, in order to keep the workshops independent, we cannot accept contributions or sponsorship from nongovernment entities.
Tables are available for participants who wish to share materials with other audience members. These are kept separate from any government publications because the NIH, as a federal agency, does not endorse any particular product or viewpoint.
Before the workshop, a draft evidence report, prepared by one of a network of Evidence-based Practice Centers through a contract with the AHRQ, is released for public comment. The final evidence report is posted on the ODP and AHRQ websites on the first day of the workshop.
Yes, continuing medical education (CME) credits will be available. This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the essential areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the NIH. The CDC is accredited by the ACCME to provide CME for physicians. Please note that continuing education credits are not available for webcast viewers. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us.
Yes, the P2P workshop will be videocast live during the workshop, and the proceedings also will be archived on the NIH P2P program website.