NIH: Office of Disease Prevention

Medicine: Mind the Gap

Achieving Scientific Equity for the Prevention of Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders in Minorities and Other Populations

C. Hendricks Brown, Ph.D. External Website Policy
Professor and Director, Prevention Science and Methodology Group
Director, Center for Prevention Implementation Methodology
Director, Social Systems Informatics
Center for Family Studies
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine

Thursday, May 9, 2013
Building 45 (Natcher), Balcony A
NIH Campus | Bethesda, Maryland


Cosponsored by

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities
National Institute of Mental Health, Office for Research on Disparities and Global Mental Health

About the Seminar

U.S. minority groups are disproportionately affected by many preventable health problems. They are also less likely to receive high-quality health interventions. Understanding these health inequities is fundamental to improving public health, as is understanding which existing preventive interventions are effective for which subgroups. Unfortunately, few studies have examined research questions about whether preventive interventions work differentially for minority subgroups, or about different mechanisms by which these interventions might work. Despite National Institutes of Health (NIH) policies requiring the inclusion of underrepresented minority groups in research studies, the sample sizes of diverse subgroups in these studies are often too low to conduct meaningful analyses to answer these key research questions. In this presentation, we propose that there is a pressing need for “scientific equity,” or equality in the amount of scientific knowledge that is produced to understand both the potential causes and solutions to many health inequities. We begin by examining the issue of scientific equity, using prevention interventions as illustrative examples. We subsequently describe key strategies for promoting scientific equity including conducting more implementation research, utilizing adaptive intervention research designs, and promoting collaborative data synthesis work. The latter is a novel method that brings together individual-level data from multiple intervention studies for synthesis analysis, thereby increasing the number of participants from different minority subgroups available and enhancing statistical power. Promoting scientific equity through these strategies has the potential to bring about improvements in the efficacy and reach of preventive interventions, through more specific and better targeted interventions that can ultimately help address health inequities.

About C. Hendricks Brown, Ph.D.

Dr. Brown is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, where he is also Director of the Social Systems Informatics Program in the Center for Computational Science. In addition, he is Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded Center for Prevention Implementation Methodology and Director of the National Institute of Mental Health-funded Prevention Science and Methodology Group. Dr. Brown has developed innovative randomized field trial designs for preventing drug abuse, depression, and suicide, and also has developed new methods for synthesizing findings across randomized trials with individual-level data, applying systems science and computational methods for implementation research.

Previous Webinars

Automating Machine Learning for Prevention Research
Presented by Jason Moore, Ph.D.
August 29, 2017
Use of the Electronic Medical Record in Prevention Research
Presented by William M. Vollmer, Ph.D.
June 15, 2017
Dissemination and Implementation Research: Challenges and Opportunities
Presented by Maria E. Fernandez, Ph.D.
April 20, 2017
Mixed Methods in Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Research
Presented by Leonard A. Jason, Ph.D.
March 27, 2017
Engaging in Qualitative Research Methods: Opportunities for Prevention and Health Promotion
Presented by LeConté J. Dill, Dr.P.H., M.P.H.
January 19, 2017
Series Topic #3: Overdiagnosis in Cancer Screening: Overcoming Challenges, Avoiding Mistakes
Presented by Ruth B. Etzioni, Ph.D.
November 18, 2016
Series Topic #2: Guidelines for Screening in Children
Presented by David C. Grossman, M.D., M.P.H.
October 20, 2016
Series Topic #1: Making Guidelines for Colon Cancer Screening: Evidence, Policy, and Politics
Presented by David F. Ransohoff, M.D.
September 27, 2016
The Opportunities and Challenges of Using Systematic Reviews To Summarize Knowledge About "What Works" in Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Presented by Kay Dickersin, Ph.D.
July 25, 2016
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