Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Falls rank among the most common and potentially devastating problems facing the growing population of older adults and their families. This randomized trial, co-administered by the NIA and PCORI , will determine the effectiveness of an evidence-based, multifactorial, patient-centered intervention to reduce the risk of serious fall injuries among non-institutionalized older persons. The falls prevention strategy being tested includes identifying persons at high risk for falls, defining a person's specific risk factors, implementing an individually tailored intervention to mitigate these risks, reducing the risk of injury if the person falls, and changing organizational and provider behavior to initiate care processes. The effectiveness of the prevention intervention will be measured by the number of serious fall injuries requiring medical attention. Secondary measures include all injurious falls, all falls regardless of injury, and the indicators of patient's well-being.
This section provides a selection of resources from the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) federal partners and is not intended to be a comprehensive list.
Healthy People provides science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans. For three decades, Healthy People has established benchmarks and monitored progress over time to encourage collaborations across communities and sectors; empower individuals to make informed health decisions; and measure the impact of prevention activities. Healthy People 2020 continues in this tradition with an ambitious, yet achievable, 10-year agenda that includes objectives to prevent unintentional injuries and violence as well as reduce their consequences.
The ASPR has posted a variety of resources to help survivors and the broader community cope after a traumatic event or disaster. The website offers a disaster distress hotline, tips for talking with children, resources for coping with traumatic stress, and information for first responders and health professionals.
The CDC's NIOSH produces new scientific knowledge and provides practical solutions vital to reducing risks of injury and death in traditional industries, such as agriculture, construction, and mining. The NIOSH also supports research to predict, prevent, and address emerging problems that arise from dramatic changes in the 21st-century workplace and workforce. The NIOSH partners with diverse stakeholders to study how worker injuries, illnesses, and deaths occur. The NIOSH scientists design, conduct, and support targeted research, both inside and outside the Institute, and support the training of occupational health and safety professionals to build capacity and meet increasing needs for a new generation of skilled practitioners. The NIOSH and its partners support U.S. economic strength and growth by moving research into practice through concrete and practical solutions, recommendations, and interventions for the building of a healthy, safe, and capable workforce.
Led by the SAMHSA, the National Dialogue seeks to engage communities in conversation about mental health; develop and distribute a discussion guide that contains scientific facts about mental illnesses; and improve the flow of people from referral to treatment. Part of the National Dialogue on Mental Health is the new MentalHealth.gov website. With its tagline "Let's talk about it," MentalHealth.gov provides tools and resources to help with the basics of mental health, the signs of mental illness, tips on how to talk about mental health, and how to get help.
Part of the SAMHSA's goal is to provide individuals, families, professionals, and organizations with information and resources to seek help, provide assistance, and/or implement prevention programs in their communities. This webpage provides a listing of suicide prevention resources and new publications.
The CDC offers extensive information and resources regarding injury statistics; traumatic brain injury; drug overdose; violence prevention; injury response; and home, recreational, and motor vehicle safety. The website also highlights three injury prevention campaigns/programs: Parents Are the Key (to safe teen drivers), Heads Up Concussion (in youth and high school sports), and Protect the Ones You Love.
The AoA, a part of the Administration for Community Living, is proud to be a leader in the field of elder rights. Research shows that as many as 2 million elders are abused in the United States. As a government, as a society, and as individuals, we must increase our efforts to ensure that all older Americans age with dignity and honor. The NCEA is one of 27 AoA-funded Resource Centers. The NCEA is the place to turn to for up-to-date information regarding research, training, best practices, news, and resources on elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation. The Center provides information to policymakers, professionals in the elder justice field, and the public.
This report documents the projects, programs, and initiatives of more than three dozen federal agencies, departments, and offices—one of the largest interagency collaborations in federal government history. With agencies' commitment to implementing gender-responsive, trauma-informed approaches, this report addresses the growing national interest in this issue, the work of the Federal Partners Committee, and the specific progress that participating agencies have made over the past three years (2010–2013), since the Committee's publication of its first report in 2011. This report, developed with support from SAMHSA's National Center for Trauma-Informed Care, clearly demonstrates the application of trauma-informed approaches across a wide range of settings and systems and encourages other governmental and nongovernmental agencies to implement a cross-sector, interagency, intersystems realization, recognition, and response to trauma.
This website provides information on a variety of topics including types of violence against women, signs of abuse, how to end violence, and laws to prevent abuse. The OWH site also includes details on national help hotlines.
StopBullying.gov provides information from various government agencies on what bullying is, what cyberbullying is, who is at risk, and how to prevent and respond to bullying. StopBullying.gov coordinates closely with federal partners in the Bullying Prevention Steering Committee, an interagency effort led by the U.S. Department of Education that works to coordinate policy, research, and communications on bullying topics. The federal partners include representatives from the U.S. Departments of Agriculture, Defense, Education, HHS, the Interior, and Justice, as well as the Federal Trade Commission and the White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.
The mission of the NHTSA is to reduce the number of deaths and injuries on our Nation's roadways by getting drivers, pedestrians, and cyclists to change their behaviors once they get behind the wheel or on the streets. This website provides resources on winter driving, pedestrian safety, distracted and impaired driving, and driver education. The site also contains extensive information on child seats and keeping kids safe in and around the car.
The Falls Toolkit was developed to aid VA facilities in creating and improving comprehensive fall prevention programs. The toolkit has information on falls and fall prevention, how to develop interdisciplinary fall prevention teams, interventions to reduce the number of falls and related injuries, and how to measure program success.
Each year, 700,000 to 1,000,000 people in the United States fall in the hospital. A fall may result in fractures, lacerations, or internal bleeding, leading to increased healthcare utilization. Research shows that nearly one-third of falls can be prevented. Fall prevention involves managing a patient's underlying fall risk factors and optimizing the hospital's physical design and environment. This toolkit focuses on overcoming the challenges associated with developing, implementing, and sustaining a fall prevention program.
The CPSC is charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risks of injury or death from thousands of types of consumer products under the agency's jurisdiction. In addition to pool safety, the CPSC is committed to protecting consumers and families from products that pose a fire, electrical, chemical, or mechanical hazard. This website provides information and social media tools on how to prevent drowning deaths and pool- and spa-related injuries. This website is also available in Spanish.
The SHRP is an innovative partnership among the NIH, the National Football League (NFL) , and the FNIH. Launched in 2012 , the program aims to help accelerate the pursuit of research to enhance the health of athletes at all levels, past, present, and future, and to extend the impact of that research beyond the playing field to benefit others in the general population, including members of the military. Made possible by a founding commitment of $30 million from the NFL, and with an initial focus on traumatic brain injury, the SHRP is designed to expand to encompass other areas of research on serious medical conditions prominent in athletes and to engage additional funding partners representing a breadth of relevant interests.
The Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury Research Program (PH/TBIRP) was established by Congress in FY07 in response to the devastating impact of TBI and PH issues, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), on our deployed Service members in Iraq and Afghanistan. It seeks to prevent, mitigate, and treat the effects of traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury on function, wellness, and overall quality of life for Service members as well as their caregivers and families by establishing, funding, and integrating both individual and multi-agency research efforts.
The USPSTF is an independent panel of nonfederal experts in prevention and evidence-based medicine and is composed of primary care providers (such as internists, pediatricians, family physicians, gynecologists/obstetricians, nurses, and health behavior specialists). The USPSTF conducts scientific evidence reviews of a broad range of clinical preventive healthcare services (such as screening, counseling, and preventive medications) and develops recommendations for primary care clinicians and health systems. The USPSTF has issued recommendations on the following topics: primary care interventions to prevent child maltreatment , and screening for intimate partner violence and abuse of elderly and vulnerable adults , and counseling and medication to prevent falls in older adults .
The Guide to Community Preventive Services is a free resource to help you choose programs and policies to improve health and prevent disease in your community. Systematic reviews are used to answer questions about which program and policy interventions have been proven effective; whether there are effective interventions for your community; and the cost of effective interventions as well as the likely return on investment from these interventions. The Guide to Community Preventive Services has issued recommendations on motor vehicle-related injury prevention and violence prevention .