NIH: Office of Disease Prevention

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Defined population studies are designed to measure the impact of an intervention in a defined target population (i.e. women, racial and ethnic minorities). These studies can provide further validation of the methods utilized and information about whether or not an intervention works in various population groups.

  • A Multilevel Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) Intervention to Improve Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Screening in Underserved Vietnamese Americans
    National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
    This project represents the first large-scale community-based randomized controlled trial of a multilevel, culturally-appropriate CBPR intervention to increase CRC screening among underserved Vietnamese Americans. The intervention includes community health worker-led group education, automated and interactive text messaging, and phone-based peer support.
  • Geographic and Contextual Influences on Energy Balance-Related Health Behaviors
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    These four studies focus on energy balance-related health behaviors. Topics include obesity, physical activity, eating behavior, and the impact of environmental factors affecting obesity on breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer risk. Understanding more about energy balance-related health behaviors can aid us in the development of prevention measures for obesity and its comorbidities.
  • Teens' Risk During Transition: Preventing Drug Use, HIV, and School Problems
    National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
    The transition to middle school can be a risky time for many adolescents. Being placed in foster care amplifies this risk. The purpose of this study is to determine whether adding a preventive intervention that focuses on increasing parent and youth skills and support during the adolescent's transition to middle school can help ameliorate drug and tobacco use, participation in HIV-risking sexual behavior, delinquency, mental health problems, and school failure among young adolescents in foster care.
  • Enhancing Cancer Outreach for Low-Income Adults with Innovative Smoking Cessation Program
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    Smoking prevalence is significantly higher among those with low levels of education and those living at or below the poverty level. The goal of this group-randomized trial is to design and evaluate a novel smoking cessation program targeted to uninsured and underinsured individuals.
  • Determinants of HPV Vaccination for Hispanic Parents from the Texas-Mexico Border
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    Cervical cancer is preventable using the HPV vaccine. Hispanic women along the Texas-Mexico border experience more cases of and deaths from cervical cancer compared to the rest of the nation. The objective of this research plan is to examine determinants of Hispanic mothers' intention to vaccinate against HPV and actual initiation and completion of the three-dose series for their daughters aged 11–17.
  • Promoting First Relationships: Strengthening Child Attachment in American Indian Communities
    National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
    American Indian children are at elevated risk for experiencing poverty, parental mental health disorders, household exposure to substance use, domestic violence, and maltreatment. This proposal aims to implement a relationship-based intervention strategy Promoting First Relationships (PFR), adapted to American Indian contexts, which promotes trusting and secure caregiver-child relationships and healthy child development.